Wisdom Teeth

By the age of 18, the average adult has 32 teeth; 16 teeth on the top and 16 teeth on the bottom. Each tooth in the mouth has a specific name and function. The teeth in the front of the mouth (incisors, canine, and bicuspid teeth) are ideal for grasping and biting food into smaller pieces. The back teeth (molar teeth) are used to grind food up into a consistency suitable for swallowing.

The average mouth is made to hold only 28 teeth. It can be painful when 32 teeth try to fit in a mouth that holds only 28 teeth. These four other teeth are your third molars, also known as “wisdom teeth.”

Why Should I Have My Wisdom Teeth Removed?

Wisdom teeth are the last teeth to erupt within the mouth. When they align properly and gum tissue is healthy, wisdom teeth do not have to be removed. Unfortunately, this does not generally happen. The extraction of wisdom teeth is necessary when they are prevented from properly erupting within the mouth. They may grow sideways, partially emerge from the gum, and even remain trapped beneath the gum and bone. Impacted teeth can take many positions in the bone as they attempt to find a pathway that will allow them to successfully erupt.

These poorly positioned impacted teeth can cause many problems. When they are partially erupted, the opening around the teeth allows bacteria to grow and will eventually cause an infection. The result: swelling, stiffness, pain, and illness. The pressure from the erupting wisdom teeth may move other teeth and disrupt the orthodontic or natural alignment of teeth. The most serious problem occurs when tumors or cysts form around the impacted wisdom teeth, resulting in the destruction of the jawbone and healthy teeth. Removal of the offending impacted teeth usually resolves these problems. Early removal is recommended to avoid such future problems and to decrease the surgical risk involved with the procedure.

Wisdom Teeth Presentation

To provide you with a better understanding of wisdom teeth, we have provided the following multimedia presentation. Many common questions pertaining to wisdom teeth are discussed.

Wisdom Teeth Presentation

Oral Examination

With an oral examination and x-rays of the mouth, we  can evaluate the position of the wisdom teeth and predict if there are present or may be future problems. Studies have shown that early evaluation and treatment result in a superior outcome for the patient. Patients are generally first evaluated in the mid-teenage years by their dentist, orthodontist or by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon.

All outpatient surgery is performed under appropriate anesthesia to maximize patient comfort. Our doctors have the training, license and experience to provide various types of anesthesia for patients to select the best alternative.


In most cases, the removal of wisdom teeth is performed under local anesthesia, laughing gas (nitrous oxide/oxygen analgesia) or general anesthesia. These options, as well as the surgical risks (i.e., sensory nerve damage, sinus complications), will be discussed with you before the procedure is performed. Once the teeth are removed, the gum is sutured. To help control bleeding, bite down on the gauze placed in your mouth. You will rest under our supervision in the office until you are ready to be taken home. Upon discharge, your postoperative kit will include postoperative instructions, a prescription for pain medication, antibiotics, and a follow-up appointment in one week for suture removal. If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to call us at Jefferson City Office Phone Number 573-635-7216.

Our services are provided in an environment of optimum safety that utilizes modern monitoring equipment and staff who are experienced in anesthesia techniques.

Jefferson City Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

5 out of 5 stars based on 3 Wisdom Teeth reviews.

Our Latest Patient Testimonials

When my dentist told me that I needed to have my wisdom tooth pulled I was not happy on top of being anxious and scared. My dentist then told me that I would have to go to JCOMS and that made me even more nervous becuase I had never heard (JCOMS). I'd never had a tooth pulled and I am NOT a fan of needles at all. When I arrived for my scheduled appointment, my anxiety hightened becuase I had no clue what to expect. My mind was thinking all types of crazy things. Jenny greeted me when I came in and was with me through the entire process. She (Jenny) made sure I was comfortable, asked me how I was feeling and even offered me a blanket. I truly appreciate how helpful she was. Dr. Bauman was amazing!! I had my eyes closed through the entire procedure and he calmly talked me through every step. I had no complications and the procedure was smooth. The procedure went a lot quicker than I imagined which was also a plus. I walked out with a smile. JCOMS was a great experience considering what I had to have done.

- Angela M

5 out of 5 stars on

Our Latest Patient Testimonials

The team here was amazing! They did everything thing they could to make you as comfortable as possible before, during, and after surgery! I was very pleased with my experience!

- Sarah J

5 out of 5 stars on

Our Latest Patient Testimonials

Quick and painless procedure! Would recommend to anyone in Jefferson City!

- samantha y

5 out of 5 stars on